PREDSTAVLJANJE DRUGOG U (POST)KOLONIJALNOM DISKURSU SEVERNE AMERIKE

Ana Kocić Stanković

Abstract


Rad se bavi načinima predstavljanja onih koji su u diskursu kolonijalne Severne Amerike percipirani i označavani kao Drugi. Ideje postkolonijalnih kritičara o Drugom i strategiji predstavljanja poznate pod nazivom stvaranje Drugog (Othering), kao i neke od opštih karakteristika postkolonijalnog diskursa primenjuju se na kontekst kolonijalne Severne Amerike, tačnije, na engleske kolonije na tom području. Izdvajaju se neke od osnovnih odlika kolonijalne američke književnosti u pogledu njene funkcije, namene i sveobuhvatnosti, a potom i neke od osobina predstava o Drugima koje su se tim putem širile. Detaljnije se obrađuju redukcionizam, hijerarhičnost i degradiranje kao odlike predstava o drugima u kolonijalnoj književnosti Severne Amerike. Redukcionizam se odnosi na preterano uopštavanje i pripisivanje osobina kolonijalnim Drugima bez uzimanja u obzir individualnih razlika. Pod hijerarhičnošću se podrazumeva stvaranje oštrih razlika između kolonizatora i kolonizovanih pri čemu su kolonizovani Drugi uvek predstavljeni kao tehnološki, civilizacijski i kulturno inferiorni. Treći način stvaranja kolonijalnih Drugih – degradiranje obuhvata one strategije u književnom diskursu kojima se kolonizovani Drugi prikazuju kao divlji, krvoločni, bestijalni, prljavi, varvari, itd. u cilju njihove dehumanizacije i opravdavanja kolonijalnih osvajanja.


Keywords


Američke studije, Američka književnost, Drugi, postkolonijalni diskurs, kolonijalna Amerika

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References


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