THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DIFFERENCES IN THE USE OF ENGLISH AND SERBIAN NONFINITE RELATIVE CLAUSES

Ljiljana Janković

Abstract


The paper describes and analyses two language systems, English and Serbian, particularly one segment of the grammar of both languages – nonfinite relative clauses. The methods used are contrastive analysis, description and classification. Both English and Serbian nonfinite relative clauses function as postnominal modifiers. They are contrasted with the purpose of determining their similarities and differences. English nonfinite relative clauses are constructed using all nonfinite verb forms (infinitive, -ing and -ed verb forms) in active and passive voices and progressive, perfect and simple aspects, whereas Serbian nonfinite relative clauses are constructed using radni glagolski pridev (active participle) and trpni glagolski pridev (passive participle). These two Serbian nonfinite verb forms are limited in their use in nonfinite relative clauses depending on various grammatical aspects. The differences between the uses of English and Serbian nonfinite relative clauses are identified concerning the frequency of use and variety of meanings.


Keywords


contrastive analysis, nonfinite relative clauses, nonfinite verb forms, syntactic functions, postnominal modifier

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azar, B. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar, 3rd edition. New Jersey, Prentice Hall Regents, Eaglewood Cliffs.

Browne, Wayles. 1986. Relative clauses in Serbo-Croatian in comparison with English. Zagreb: Institute of Linguistics, University of Zagreb.

Biber, D., Johanson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. and Finegan, E.. 1999. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London, Longman.

Đorđević, R. 1987. Uvod u kontrastiranje jezika. Beograd, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.

Đorđević, R. 1996. Gramatika engleskog jezika. Beograd, Čigoja štampa.

Fries, C. 1945. Teaching and Learning English as a Foreign Language. Michigan, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press.

Huddleston, R. & G. K. Pullum. 2002. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Janković, Lj. 2016. Analiza grešaka pri upotrebi nefinitnih klauza kod studenata Anglistike. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Filozofski fakultet, Niš.

Jespersen, O. 1933. Essentials of English Grammar.London, Routledge.

Johansson, S. And K. Hofland. 1994. ”Towards and English-Norwegian parallel corpus”. In U. Fries, G. Tottie and P. Schneider (eds.). Creating and using English language corpora. Amsterdam and Atlandta, GA: Rodopi, 25–37.

Klajn, I. 2005. Gramatika srpskog jezika. Beograd, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.

Kordić, S. 1995. Relativna rečenica. Zagreb, Matica hrvatska i Hrvatsko filološko društvo.

Krzeszowski, T. P., (1985),”The so-called 'sign theory' as the first method in contrastive linguistics”, U. Pieper and G. Stickel (eds.), Studia linguistica diachronica et synchronica, Mouton De Gruyler, Berlin, pp. 485-501.

Mišić Ilić, B. 2008. Syntax for EFL Students. Niš, Filozofski fakultet Niš.

Mrazović, P. 2009. Gramatika srpskog jezika za strance. Sremski Karlovci, Novi Sad, Izdavačka knjižarnica Zorana Stojanovića.

Piper, P., I. Antonić, V. Ružić, S. Tanasić, Lj. Popović, B. Tošović. 2005. Sintaksa savremenoga srpskog jezika. Prosta rečenica. U redakciji Milke Ivić. Beograd, Institut za srpski jezik SANU, Beogradska knjiga, Matica srpska.

Piper, P., I. Klajn. 2013. Normativna gramatika srpskog jezika. Novi sad, Matica srpska.

Pollock, C. 1982. Communicate What You Mean. New Jersey, Prentice Hall, Eaglewood Hill.

Prćić, T. 2005. Engleski u srpskom. Novi Sad, Zmaj.

Rusimović, T. 2014. Relativne rečenice sa foričkim supstantivnim antecedentom u savremenom srpskom jeziku. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, FILUM, Kragujevac.

Quirk, R. et al. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London, Longman

Selinker, L. 2008. Second Language Acquisition. New York and London, Routledge.

Selinker, L. Susan M. Gass (eds.). 1992. Language Transfer in Language Learning: Revised Edition. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Stanojčić, Ž. 2010. Gramatika srpskog književnog jezika. Beograd, Kreativni centar.

Stanojčić, Ž., i Lj. Popović. 1992. Gramatika srpskog jezika. Udžbenik za I, II, III i IV razred srednje škole. Beograd, Novi Sad, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika.

Stevanović, M. 1979. Savremeni srpskohrvatski jezik (gramatički sistemi i književnojezička norma) I i II, drugo izdanje. Beograd, Naučna knjiga.

Stevanović, M. 1991. Savremeni srpskohrvatski jezik (gramatički sistemi i književnojezička norma) II Sintaksa, peto izdanje. Beograd, Naučna knjiga.

Wang, P. 2008. “Exploring Errors in Target Language Learning and Use: Practice Meets Theory”. In English Language Teaching, Vol. I, No. 2. 182–187.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 PHILOLOGIA MEDIANA

  

 

 


PHILOLOGIA MEDIANA

Филозофски факултет Ниш / Faculty of Philosophy Niš

Ћирила и Методија 2 / Ćirila i Metodija 2

18000 Ниш / 18000 Niš

www.filfak.ni.ac.rs