• Nikola Tatar
  • Marija Stojković


needs analysis, ESP, needs, analyses


The main aim of this paper is to define needs analysis in ESP and to present different views of needs and analyses. Once the idea of a new ESP course is developed, the first step that should be conducted is needs analysis, which is of course later followed by curriculum design, materials selection, methodology, assessment and evaluation. Even though all of the afore-mentioned stages are equally important, this paper will primarily focus on needs analysis. According to Hyland (2006), whose definition of needs analysis is usually taken because of the numerous aspects it encompasses, needs analysis “refers to the techniques for
collecting and assessing information relevant to course design: it is the means of establishing the how and what of a course.” As it will be shown in the paper, it is not enough to describe only needs analysis. Defining ESP is also a necessary task which proved to be very demanding. However, special attention will be paid to the way Brown (2016) understands needs viewpoints and analysis strategies.


ANTHONY, Laurence. English for Specific Purposes: What does it mean? Why is it different? 1997.

BENESCH, Sarah. “Rights Analysis: Studying Power Relations in an Academic Setting”, English for Specific Purposes, 18(4), 313 – 327, 1999.

BROWN, James Dean. Introducing Needs Analysis and English for Specific Purposes, New York: Routledge, 2016.

DUDLEY-EVANS, Tony., & Maggie Jo St. John. Developments in English for Specific Purposes: A multi-disciplinary approach. Cambridge University Press. 1998.

HUTCHINSON, Tom., & Alan Waters. English for specific purposes: A learningcentered approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1987.

HYLAND, Ken. English for Academic Purposes. London: Routledge. 2006.

LABORDA, Jesús García. “Revisiting Materials for Teaching Languages for Specific Purposes”, 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies,17(1):102 –112, 2011.

LONG, Michael. (ed.) Second Language Needs Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2005.

ROBINSON, Pauline. ESP Today: a Practitioner’s Guide. Hemel Hempstead: Prentice Hall International. 1991.

STREVENS, Peter. “ESP After Twenty Years: a Re-appraisal”, in Tickoo, M., ed. ESP: State of the Art. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre. 1988.

TRIKI, Mounir. “Pragmatics for ESP Purposes”, GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 2(1): 11 – 38, 2002.

VARGHESE, Rosemary. “An Integrated Teaching Model to Develop English Proficiency of ESL Management Students”, 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 18(2): 105 – 117, 2012.