ESP COURSES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
Keywords:needs analysis, ESP, needs, analyses
The main aim of this paper is to define needs analysis in ESP and to present different views of needs and analyses. Once the idea of a new ESP course is developed, the first step that should be conducted is needs analysis, which is of course later followed by curriculum design, materials selection, methodology, assessment and evaluation. Even though all of the afore-mentioned stages are equally important, this paper will primarily focus on needs analysis. According to Hyland (2006), whose definition of needs analysis is usually taken because of the numerous aspects it encompasses, needs analysis “refers to the techniques for
collecting and assessing information relevant to course design: it is the means of establishing the how and what of a course.” As it will be shown in the paper, it is not enough to describe only needs analysis. Defining ESP is also a necessary task which proved to be very demanding. However, special attention will be paid to the way Brown (2016) understands needs viewpoints and analysis strategies.
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