• Ана Крстић


билингвизам, когнитивне предности, лингвистичке компетенције, старење


У раду је дат основни преглед досадашњих релевантних истраживања о когнитивним предностима билингвизма. Уочено је да су погледи на билингвизам најпре били негативни, тј. сматрало се да је ометао когнитивни развој детета, али касније му је призната когнитивна предност, нарочито у погледу извршних функција, попут инхибиције и контролисања пажње, као и радне меморије. У тим истраживањима показано је и да билингвизам има трајно позитиван утицај на очување когнитивних способности у каснијем животном добу. У раду је представљено и скорашње опречно мишљење о предности билингвизма, настало након метаанализе истраживања која предност наводно доказују.


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